Gene therapy is designed to introduce genetic material into cells to compensate for abnormal genes or to make a beneficial protein. If a mutated gene causes a necessary protein to be faulty or missing, gene therapy may be able to introduce a normal copy of the gene to restore the function of the protein.
Cells are small compartments that hold the biological equipment necessary to keep an organism alive and successful. Living things may be unicellular or multicellular such as a human being. According to cell theory, cells are the fundamental unit of structure and function in all living organisms and come from preexisting cells, and that all cells contain the hereditary information necessary for regulating cell functions and for transmitting information to the next generation of cells.